According to Dr. Davis in her article in Psychology today, well–being is the event in a person’s life where he/she experience happiness, prosperity, that includes having good mental, emotional, social, physical, spiritual, environmental health. This definition simply means having high satisfaction in life, sense of meaning and purpose or just feeling well. In the Oxford dictionary, well–being is defined as the condition of being comfortable, happy, or healthy.
A deeper kind of well – being is about living in a way that is good for us and others around us. It is a positive experience demonstrating happiness, contentment, enjoyment, curiosity, or engagement in the community. The magnitude to psychologically function well, maintain positive relationships, having high self – esteem, high self – confidence, and having control of our lives are equally important to well – being. In addition having an adequate amount of money, a safe home/ school environment, close friends, sense of belonging and a balanced diet are other areas that influence our state of well – being.
According to research, we can reached higher levels of well – being when we are:
- more involved in social activities and community groups
- environmentally responsible
- having a better social and family relationships
- productive in school work
- more likely studying full – time
- more likely to recover from range of illnesses
Having high levels of well – being allows us to be optimistic and positive with life and this reduces the risk of heart attack by up to 50%. We will also be able to become resilient to adversities in life and better able to achieve things. We can even live longer by 7 1/2 years to our life span and if we are able to express emotions positively, like being happy, we are able to influence and passed these on to others. Lastly, higher level of well – being increases our immunity to infection and lower the risk of mental illness.
We can assess our overall well – being according to the following aspects:
- Emotional well – being – decreasing levels of stress and being attentive to our thoughts, feelings, and behavior. This is developing awareness and the acceptance of our feelings as well as our capacity to manage these feelings in a healthy way.
- Physical well – being – developing awareness of our body, eating healthy foods, having enough sleep at night, engaging in physical activities, and being responsible of our health.
- Social well – being – creating a positive and meaningful relationships, having healthy communication, maintaining respect towards self and others, and forging a healthy support group.
- Intellectual well – being – stimulating creative and mental activities, exploring issues related to problem solving, reading books, magazines, newspaper, and being aware of current events.
- Spiritual well –being – establishing peace and harmony in life and striving for consistency with our values and beliefs, being honest to others, forgiving, compassionate, and willingness to help others.
- Career well – being – getting fulfillment from our jobs or chosen career while still maintaining life’s balance, contributing positive impact in the organisation, and collaboration within the organisation.
- Environmental well – being – being active in the community, restoring, preserving the environment such as food, water, electricity, and keeping personal areas (locker/office/home/) clear and organised.
By following the 5 main ways below and taking into account that we need to maintain and improve these ways as well, we will able to achieve a higher level of well – being.
- Be active.
- Keep learning.
- Be aware.
- Help others.